Features expectation of Vladimir and Estragon : each new
of scenic action in the play “Waiting for
1. Staticity of scenic action: the monotonous expectation of Vladimir and Estragon : each new day is
no different from yesterday’s, the time seems to get stuck. Heroes dissuade
their cues, the day ends, but here comes another, and nothing has changed. In
the play, nothing happens, the first and second actions are exactly the same.
They should be called “inaction”.
2. The irony.
Images of characters are ironically reduced. The outer squalor/dirt of the
heroes is very striking. They move around the stage in rags, Estragon is short
of shoes and great pants. They sleep in a ditch, they are beaten, and in the
afternoon they sit on the road like tramps. The ignorance and clownish
clumsiness of Vladimir and Estragon are emphasized by tongue-tie. Periodically,
the same five phrases are pronounced in the play:
3. The principle of scenic action
reduction. With each new replica of Vladimir and
Estragon in a dialogue about what heroes expect from Godot, the playwright
brings down such an important topic a step further, giving the conversation a
banal everyday coloring, thereby achieving a comic effect.
4. Secularization (desacralizare )of speech.
The heroes of the play “Waiting for Godot” feel the impossibility of
expressing themselves through ready-made formulas that replace language.
Tongues, silence and pauses, dialogues without interaction – all this Beckett
actively uses in order to depict a barely noticeable contradiction between the
subject called and its essence. Words lose their meaning . An example of words
losing their meaning in the play “Waiting for Godot” is a dialogue
between Vladimir and Pozzo. Vladimir asks whether Pozzo intends to get rid of
his servant. A word without of meaning is heard as the sounds of nature, not
implying any depth. So the author recreates the “experience of voidness/useless”
of the language.
5. Characters that symbolize the models
of the human community are divided into pairs: in addition to Vladimir and
Estragon (the model of spouses), there is another duet – Pozzo and Lakki (lord
and slave). Their alliances are based on the dependence of one on the other.
6. Profanity (Example: “This is how
everything happens on this fucking land”)
7. Monologue of speech (this is when one
thought is broken by replicas)
8. Pattern of speech: ready sentences, which
the characters try in vain to communicate.
9. In the text of the play Beckett
“Waiting for Godot” many references to the Bible. Some of them lie on
the surface: the robbers crucified with Christ, the brothers Abel and Cain, the
sacrifice of Jesus Christ and the image of Calvary. Some are introduced by