Sensorial comes from the words sense or senses. As

Sensorial
comes from the words sense or senses. As there are no new experiences for the
child to take from the Sensorial work, the child is able to concentrate on the
refinement of all his senses, from visual to stereo gnostic.

 

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Human
ability to construct knowledge in the brain individually makes a neurological
connection that’s forms ‘Learning from environment’. Brain ability to
self-construct (neuroplasticity) the more we stimulates the senses the more
Brain progresses.

 

Montessori
wanted to train or exercise the senses through the use of specially designed sensorial
equipment. This equipment she terms “didactic’, which means educative, or
that which educates.  Hence, it is the
material that does the teaching through the child’s manipulation of it.  This “auto-education”, learning
though movement of the materials, is a basic concept of sensorial education.

The materials appeal to the child when presented, but are also designed to
function as a basis for future work. It is the job of the sensorial materials
to gradually increase the child’s ability to perceive things in a more refined
and ordered way. The exercises are graded so that the child can perceive first
strong contrasts and are gradually refined to finer and more delicate
differences.   The child is provided with
an opportunity to repeat these exercises as often as he wishes for repetition
is what builds and exercise the senses.

 

Example:
Sensorial materials requires to use all of our senses to make use of the
material:

·     
Knob Cylinders  (matching and Tracing)

·     
Pink Cubes (Large to Small)

 

References
from Sites and Books and class notes:

·     
http://www.infomontessori.com/sensorial/introduction.htm

·     
The Montessori method.

·     
Notes attached

 

Sensitive
Period

It’s the
period or the time in which the child is accruing skills. Child becomes open to
some experience of life not all, skills for language, order, movements starts
to make sense.

Montessori
understood the importance of the sensitive periods in child’s life; therefore
she made materials, which isolated that skill in which the child is sensitive
to. With repetition and time leads the child to development and refinement of
that particular skill/quality till he masters it. Montessori’s sensorial
education used precise words for the materials, order and gave purposeful
movements.

For
Example:

·     
Tracing in Knob Cylinders
(sensitivity for Writing)

·     
Brown Prisms (sensitivity for
Order and Movement)

 

Reference
from Site, Book and Class notes:

·     
https://educheer.com/sensitive-periods

·     
The Montessori method.

·     
Notes attached.

 

Absorbent
Mind

 

“The
‘absorbent mind’ welcomes everything, puts its hope in everything, accepts
poverty equally with wealth, adopts any religion and the prejudices and habits
of its countrymen, incarnating all in itself. This is the child!”– The
Absorbent Mind {pg. 29}

 

Absorbent
mind is the effortless ability of the child’s mind, absorbing the information
from the surrounding. Maria Montessori considered that education is an environmental
process by which a child learns through practices in his or her environment
rather than through the simple action of listening. This is the core philosophy
of a Montessori teaching and activities presented in the Montessori
environment.

 

For
Example:

·     
Hexagon Box (different type
of shapes from one shape)

·     
Triangle Box (different type
of Triangles)

 

Reference
from Site, Book and Note:

·     
https://www.education.com/reference/article/principles-montessori-method/

·     
The Absorbent Mind.

·     
Notes attached

 

Spontaneous
Repetition

 

 Child wants to repeat the exercise/task, with
so much joy and interest to get mastery over it, this is all comes unplanned,
naturally to him. In Montessori curriculum, child spontaneously repeat the
task/job till he master it and then the educator/teacher presents the
variations to the same task for development and refinement of his senses and
sensitive period.

 

For
Example:

·     
Pink Cubes

·     
Knob Cylinders

·     
Color Cylinders

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