The are made in South Korea, India and China

The only thing that remains “unchanged” is the change itself.
Change is the infinitely ongoing process with reference of the time. In this
modern era, many things which were not part of our origin or culture have now
become essential for us. By the adaptation of habits from other culture, the improvement
takes place and the changes are merged within. Globalization is the main factor
which has affected most in this never ending process of change.

 

In easy words, globalization can be define as the transfer of
ideas, knowledge, values, emotions, technology, economy and wealth, etc. on the
global platform in the way of changing or reshaping the cultural boundaries and
improvement for the necessity. For example, when we wake up morning we change
our t-shirt which is made in UK. We than use the Volkswagen car to go to market
that is made in Germany. We purchase electronics, spices, books, etc which are
made in South Korea, India and China respectively. It is only possible with the
help of globalization. Globalization affects on many different parameters like
goods and services, technology, business, financial and economical levels. On
individual or personal levels, it has affected by changing standard of living
and quality of living. As we all know that globalization has affected us
economically and politically, it has also affected socially on a way more broader
scale. With technology becoming fast and easily portable, people of different
parts of the world are interacting together. Today they can easily know each
other’s culture and tradition. So technology has made this world a smaller
place and makes the people come closer to know each other’s lifestyle and
culture.             

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In general there are number of positive effects of globalization
on culture as not every good practice was born in one culture or civilization.
The world in which we live today is a result of several cultures coming
together. When people of one culture observe the flaws in their particular culture,
they start adopting the habits of the other cultures which are more correct or
suitable with the times. Societies have become larger as they have welcomed
people of other civilizations and backgrounds, creating a whole new culture of
their own. Traditions, Cooking styles, languages and customs have spread all
around the sphere due to globalization. The same can be said about movies,
musical styles and other art forms which have moved from one country to
another, leaving an impression on a culture which has adopted them. As people
from different cultural backgrounds interact more frequently, their prejudices
about each other can decrease as they learn from each other.

 

Some argue that globalization is negative as it will force
poorer countries of the world to do whatever the big and developed countries
tell them to do. Another viewpoint is that developed countries are the ones who
may lose out because they are involved in outsourcing many of the manufacturing
jobs that used to be done by their own citizens. Talking at some instance when
many cultures interact on a regular basis, though, one of the cultures can
become more dominant or integrated into another’s and threaten the other
group’s cultural traditions. As immigration from one country to another is
increasingly popular in search of better jobs and lifestyles, people come into
contact with other nationalities and cultural diffusion takes place. However,
this may also lead in the loss of the minor cultural values and the injection
of the western concepts into the third world countries and other smaller
countries who are not yet willing to embrace their concepts in either
technological or social terms.  Many developing countries have not so
strict pollution laws than those in the developed countries. Increased industrialization
and emission from factories located in the host countries and emissions from
transportation of goods are increasing pollution to the environment.
Agricultural lands are also lost in the process along with wildlife and
habitats.

 

Some refer to globalization as the intensification of global
interconnectedness, suggesting a world full of movement and mixture, contact
and linkages, and persistent cultural interactions and exchange. The
technologies of communication and transport have made economy more and more
mobile. Globalization can benefit individuals by allowing them to partake in
other, immigrant cultures, which may increase their aspirations. The rapid flow
of capital, people, goods and ideologies pulls the world together in a tight
net which may sometimes strangle the individuals it is meant to liberate. This
interconnectedness can be traced back to European colonialism, which began the
process of cultural homogenization across geographical boundaries.

 

Major number of countries has been affected by globalization
up to some extent which is beyond argument whether the countries are developed
countries like USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, and Russia or the
developing countries like India,  Argentina, Egypt, Mexico,  Brazil,  Philippines,  Qatar, etc. The Impact of Globalization
has changed the way of life of people in major parts of Asia by changing their
traditional habits like food, clothing style, communication methods, rituals,
transportation, education standards, etc. However there is no question that the
West has also benefited from globalization. The United Kingdom and the United
States have seen huge increase in sectors like services, especially in
financial services. However, the accompanying income inequality is of a different
hue than in Asia. Younger and better educated workers located in cosmopolitan
urban centers such as New York and London has seen a phenomenal increase in
their income. On the other hand, older, less educated workers in the rusting
industrial belts of northern England and America have lost their jobs to
manufacturers overseas. Instead of jobs with good growth prospects enjoyed by
several generations in the past, the quality of jobs has deteriorated and there
is little hope among the rust belt’s working class that this situation can be
turned around. Germany has shown the way to creating high-end manufacturing jobs in
a rich-country setting. It has a great number of highly skilled work forces
that produces which are technology-intensive that generate a large trade. There
is little support in Germany for reneging on global commitments.

 

Talking
about the India, since the beginning India is known for diversity and prosperity
in its culture. It has one of the oldest civilization and culture in the world
yet Indian culture has the immense power to unite peoples together despite of
such diversity. India is a democratic republic and is divided into 26 states,
that each has its own government which is elected by the people living in it.
The keyword to describe India is diversity, regarding religion as well as the
language(s) and the population. India is a country containing over 1 billion
citizens which obviously involves big differences between people. English is
the major- and administrative language in India but there are 14 official
languages and a very large number of other dialects spoken.

 

As
said, many different religions are present in India. The dominant one is
Hinduism (82% of the population). Besides this, 6 other religions are
represented in Indian society. However, the focus would be on Hinduism in this
paragraph because of the fact that the legacy of Hinduism is very clear in
India..Today Indians are moving to other parts of the world for higher
education and learning better technology. A girl is no more restricted to home,
and a woman to a housewife. Girls are also getting opportunities for their
better education and lifestyle, same as the boys. Old traditions and rituals are
changing every year. These changes are the roots for the better society where the
women have the same right as the men have.

 

Talking
about the marriages, the changes are visible. Now younger generation has
liberty to choose their life partner themselves unlikely traditionally their
parents used to find a marriage partner for them. Today if parents choose a
life partner for them then they allow their children to spend time with their
life partner for understanding each other and then perform the marriage
ceremony if both are comfortable and agree to do so. By doing this they gave
their children a better chance to have a better future. Younger generation now
have the freedom of choice in contrast with the old culture of Indian society
where parents were solely responsible for choosing life partner for their
children and less interferences were allowed. Indian food, clothing and
languages are varied with respect to different states.

 

The
food varies in its taste, but every food has its own nutrient value and every
region is specified and rich in its medicinal preparations with the home
remedies. Even the clothing varies in different states which is very much
particular in maintaining the dignity of woman. The varies cuisines from all
over the world though have different flavors to add, still the food ingredients
that have inflicted with much popularity are the junk food items which are
adopted from western culture. Globalization helped to adopt the dressing like
the suiting for the even though it is an inappropriate match for the Indian
type of climate.

 

As the
change is the law of nature, more or less like two faces of a coin, the change
has both the positive and the negative impacts on Indian culture. The
dimension, individualism and collectivism, has been influenced by
globalization. n. The Indian youth is far more individualistic than before. Now
a day the youth do not focus on the goals of their family or an organization,
for instance. On the contrary, they seem to focus more on their own goals. The
traditional Indian family is a so-called joint family where three generations
live together and the grandparents took care of the children during the day.
This is still the case – however, mostly in rural India. As a negative impact
of globalization and increasing mobility of the Indians, a better
infrastructure and working women, a nuclear family pattern seems to secure a
foothold in contemporary India. This can be one of the reasons why the youth in
India has a changing group mentality. The traditional values have changed in
time. India has become a consumer culture and materialism is becoming more
evident. To sum up, it is also seen that Indians change their view upon caste
and equality. In the urban areas it seems to be the case that caste is being
replaced by a class society. Status is connected with materialism and consumerism.

 

Another visible change
in India culture today can be found in Indian cinemas or films. Mumbai is like
India’s Los Angeles or Hollywood of India. It’s the junction for production of
many famous Indian Bollywood Movies. These films are an expression of Indian art and are filled
with great music, amazing dancing, and Indian celebrities. In the past,
Bollywood films were pretty conservative in regards to the amount of skin they
would reveal and the body language that dance scenes displayed. However, in the
last decades, the dancing in Bollywood Films has become much more provocative
and the clothing has become much racier than in films of the past. Another
factor for changes to Indian culture today is the influence of western culture.
Many young men and women are sent to the United States, or other countries, to
study and to acquire jobs. While away from India, they experience new rights of
passage, independence and accept new cultural ideas. Plus, the internet has
allowed people from different countries and cultural backgrounds to connect
with one another, and to keep up on global events. It’s nearly impossible for
anyone to be kept in the dark about other cultures or what’s going on in the
world, given current technologies.

In a nutshell we can
say that India culture today is different from what it used to be, but India’s
core traditions and cultural values mostly remain undamaged. Most important,
the Indian culture today is still rich, beautiful and accepting of other
cultural beliefs.

 

Taking the tour to Egypt,
Egypt is exemplary for a country that has experienced fundamental economic and
political changes in the last decades. These changes were not only triggered by
the Arab Spring, but also by the process of liberalization which began in the
1970s. This involves opening the national market to products from all over the
world, and also the privatization of all various sectors, including the banking
and health sector. The Egyptian society has become a society of two
speeds. One part of the society lives with structures that were developed in
the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s and have worsened. The other part moves in a
globalized world economy that lives with the acquisitions of the 21st century.

 

Egypt, as one of the cradles of civilization, and long-time
leader of the Arab world, provides a strong narrative highlighting the
challenges and successes of globalization. On the one hand, the country has
transformed itself economically, from a centrally administered economy to a
free-market economy, through the intervention of the IMF and World Bank. This
transition was difficult and many felt left behind when government services
were cut and the prices of everyday goods and services rose. The religious/secular
divide and the young/old divide are apparent in conversations throughout the
Egyptian blogosphere about religion and politics, and especially about the use
of language. The Internet is changing how young Egyptians express themselves,
often merging Egyptian Arabic with English, with new slang terms to boot.

 

While the older generations are caught up in debates about
whether globalization is conflicting with our culture, it is the younger
generation that is reinventing the language, embracing the phenomenon of new
lingo and bringing about a revolution of ideas and trends into the country. This
internationalism is the trend of the modern jargon the youth developed to
better express themselves and their lifestyle. Growing up in a conservative
culture run by centuries-old traditions and customs while watching Friends and
chatting on MSN, young people have combined both worlds in the way they speak.
New Arabized-English words are coined every day.

Critics have described today’s youth as oppressed and blindly
adopting Western values. The young generation has also been blamed for
obliterating the Arabic language and Egyptian identity, replacing it with a
globalized modern identity that goes against our morals. But there is always
the possibility that they are simply spicing up
the language to better suit the new technology and global trends.
In fact last year a book was released by Kenouz, a local publishing house,
exclusively discussing the new lingo of Egyptian youth. The book is called
“Qamous Rewesh Tahn,” or “An Extremely Cool Dictionary,” written by journalist
Yasser Hemaya…

In the book, Hemaya compiles around 500 words and expressions
used nowadays by young people, in addition to other sections about linguistic
topics such as the language of online chatting and the language of
taxi-drivers.There have also been innovations made in order to make the default
written language, which is English, for computers and mobile phones more
convenient.

 

The biggest influence of globalization to Egypt is
“Americanization”. It means that some famous US companies like
McDonald’s and Starbucks has spread all over the world and they have brought
some bad effects to each nations’ industries and eating habits. Some food
industries in Egypt have trouble to compete with such US fast food shops
because they are so popular among people who like to buy their foods so fast
and low price. And Egyptian people often assault with such US companies and
shops owing to religious problems.

 In addition, increasing the number of immigrants from Egypt is also
serious problem which was caused by globalization. In 2011, Egyptian revolution
was happened and many people in Egypt were running away for safety place. They
tried to flee from their own countries and it produced some the problem of
increasing the number of immigrants above all in many of the European
countries. Furthermore, globalization brought environmental destroy and
international terrorism because it has become easier to move around in the
world than before. The most important point of globalization in Egypt is
the growing economy because of free trading in the international society. Egypt
has continued to sell their natural resources like oils natural gas and
minerals.  Above all, the tariff is the most beneficial thing for making
much money by carrying out the international trading with foreign countries.
The effects of tariff are so big that some nations tried to discuss and adjust
the price of tariff for peaceful and efficient trading.

 

China is one of those civilizations which is very rich in its
cultural heritage since the very day of its existence. The highlights of
Chinese culture include particular festivals, dresses, food, music etc. This
country is having may be the fastest economic growth in the world today. As
far as International Relations is concerned, this form of globalization may
help the countries to have a better understanding of each other and more
tolerance towards each other.

 

One major impact which has been felt by the Chinese nation is
that people are adopting western culture as their own and are more tending towards
western cultural heritage. The education is also a part of the culture and the
education system of china is also being affected by inclusion of new courses
and curriculums which have taken the place of traditional Chinese curriculum.
Clothing, which is also considered as an integral part of a culture, is also
being changed as people now prefer clothes like jeans and t-shirts, while the
original culture of china lays stress on wearing cheongsams and coats etc.
Another major affect is that on the food of china. Chinese people have their
own taste of food and eatables but the aspect of globalization has developed a
taste for cheese as many global fast food restaurants are taking place of
traditional Chinese restaurants. 

 

?Before western and Chinese civilization came into close
contact, Chinese people had always longed for a life depicted in traditional
Chinese paintings. Those paintings present a harmonious coexistence of people
and other life forms. Regarded as the essence of ancient Chinese philosophies,
harmony has been deeply-rooted in the minds of the Chinese people. On the one
hand, it has contributed to the unique continuity of Chinese civilization. On
the other, Chinese people became too much contented with their achievements to
desire any further changes. As globalization deepens, it is bound to affect our
ideal of harmony. It has created a challenge in China to think critically about
globalization as now it is the last remaining socialist country. It is
imperative that the question of alternatives and other potentialities and
possibilities be raised in any attempt at theorizing or conceptualizing
the process of globalization. Globalization is generally perceived as the
result of the collapse of Soviet style socialism, as well as the unprecedented
expansion of transnational capitalism. While avowedly Eurocentric in its
hegemonic formations, globalization also sets up an indispensable structural
context for analyzing what happens in today’s world.

 

The Influence of Buddhism is also not unknown in USA and in few
countries of Europe. Buddhism, founded. by Siddhartha Gautama (the
“Buddha”) in the late 6th century B.C.E. It is an important
religion in most of the countries of Asia. Buddhism has assumed many different
forms, but in each case there has been an attempt to gain wisdom from the life
experiences of the Buddha, and the “spirit” or “essence” of
his teachings which is also called as dharma, as models for the religious life.

 Knowledge of Buddhism has come through three main channels:
Western scholars; the work of philosophers, writers and artists; and the
arrival of Asian immigrants who have brought various forms of Buddhism along
them to Europe and North America. Buddhist attitudes of peace,
mindfulness, generous, kind and care for all living creatures has been the talk
of the town for many groups in the West. Over a century ago people
from France, the Netherlands, Great Britain, and other European countries began
to travel in the Far East. Many of them returned with Eastern ideas, and so
Europeans began to hear about Buddhism. In the eighteenth century
onwards, a number of Buddhist texts were brought to Europe by people who had
visited the colonies in the East. These texts aroused the interest of some
European scholars who then began to study them. Around the middle of the
nineteenth century, a few Buddhist texts were translated into European
languages. Thus Buddhist teaching came to be known to the European scholars. A
few of them who were influenced by Buddhism, introduced Buddhist ideas into
their own writings. Later, more and better European translations of Buddhist
texts were made by the early part of the twentieth century, a large number of
Buddhist texts had already been translated into English, French and
German. 

As in Europe, scholars in America became acquainted with a number of
Buddhist ideas in the nineteenth century. Some of the oldest universities in
America had departments of oriental studies where scholars studied Buddhist
texts. During the second half of the nineteenth century, Chinese immigrants
settled in Hawaii and California. These immigrants brought a number of Mahayana
Buddhist practices with them and built numerous temples At the end of the
nineteenth century, two outstanding Buddhist spokesmen, Dharmapala from Sri
Lanka and Soyen Shaku, a Zen master from Japan, attended the World Parliament
of Religions in Chicago. Their inspiring speeches on Buddhism impressed their
audience and helped to establish a foothold for the Theravada and Zen Buddhist
traditions in America. During this period, the Theosophical Society, which
teaches the unity of all religions, also helped to spread some elements of
Buddhist teachings in America.

 

A term which is gaining popularity all around the world in
recent time is global culture. Many writers suggest that cultural globalization
is a long-term historical process of bringing different cultures into interrelation.
Cultural globalization involves human integration and hybridization, arguing
that it is possible to detect cultural mixing across continents and regions
going back many centuries they refer, for example, to the movement of
religious practices, language and culture brought by Spanish
colonization of the Americas. The Indian experience, to take another example, reveals
both the integration of the impact of cultural globalization and its long-term
history. The work of such cultural historians qualifies the lineage of
writers predominantly economists and sociologists who trace the origins of
globalization to recent capitalism.

 

Thus, globalization should be used as a tool of upbringing
the society, community or country; by making the good practices of other cultures
and understanding its impact form them, without forgetting or damaging ones
root or basis. Following or adopting any culture blindly or foolishly may lead
us to lose our originality and uniqueness. The main aim of globalization should
be learning and evolving ourselves into something good. We should also understand
and respect others culture and tradition by never threatening or discouraging
someone. All the effort should be done on the way of creating this world a
better place to live by spread the happiness as it is the final purpose of our
life.          

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